Portugal turns 842 years!

Kayak Portugal

Today, May 23, 2021, is the anniversary of Portugal and all of us. That’s why: Portuguese congratulations! We have been here for 842 years and here we will continue!

Although there is no consensus among experts as to the date that officially marks the most correct, May 23 seems to be the most correct and the most official day to celebrate according to the customs of the time, since it was on this day, in 1179, that Pope Alexander III, who represented the Catholic Church (which ruled Europe at the time) issued the bull “Manifestis Probatum”, recognizing Portugal as an independent kingdom.

It is important to clarify that, at that time, the Pope and the Catholic Church were the highest authorities with regard to the recognition of new countries. Nowadays, whenever a new country is born or a region becomes independent, it is the United Nations that recognizes the right of that country to proclaim its independence. Each era has its own traditions or laws.

Thus, it was on this date that the Portucalense County officially detached itself from the Kingdom of Leão, becoming D. Afonso Henriques its sovereign. The bull also recognized the validity of the Treaty of Zamora, signed on October 5, 1143 in the city with the same name by D. Afonso Henriques and the king of Leão.

D. Afonso Henriques

June 24, 1128

It was on this date that the Battle of São Mamede took place, which opposed the forces of D. Afonso Henriques to the troops of his mother D. Teresa and Count Galego Fernão Peres de Trava. The two factions clashed at Campo de São Mamede, in Guimarães, where D. Afonso Henriques was located.

With the victory, D. Afonso Henriques secured the leadership of the Condado Portucalense, not letting it fall into the hands of Castile or under Galician influence. From here, D. Afonso Henriques gradually traced the path to become the first king of Portugal. The conquest of territories to the south led the Portucalense County to increase its size and its resources, making its independence inevitable.

July 25, 1139

This is the date of the battle of Ourique, which took place in a place that the sources call Ourique (Aulic, Oric, Ouric) which, at the time, was under Muslim rule. Here the forces of D. Afonso Henriques met against the forces of five Moorish “kings”: Seville, Badajoz, Évora, Beja, and a fifth named Ismar, who would be mayor of Santarém or Elvas.

These military victories gave D. Afonso Henriques a territory vast enough to reign, which allowed Portugal to be recognized as a Kingdom. Of all the victories achieved by D. Afonso Henriques, Ourique’s was the most significant, since it was from there that Afonso Henriques started to use the title of King (Rex).

October 5, 1143

On this date, the Treaty of Zamora, signed between D. Afonso Henriques and D. Afonso VII de Leão and Castile, was signed, resulting in peace between the two kingdoms. From the Treaty, the king of Leon and Castile recognizes the king and the Kingdom of Portugal as being independent, with the safeguard that the kingdom remains under the purview of the Spanish monarch, as its emperor (Imperatore).

Note the important detail: the Spanish King recognizes Afonso Henriques’ right to be treated as King of an independent country, but he emphasizes that he owes him allegiance and that he should treat him as Emperor.

In addition, being recognized by only one country, even if it was the country to which Portugal belonged before declaring its independence, does not guarantee that it will be recognized by the international authorities of the time and by the other states. It was the Papal Bull issued on May 23, 1179 that ensured that the rest of Europe and the Catholic Church recognized Portugal as a sovereign and independent state.

Arch of São Gonçalo

Arch of São Gonçalo
Oratory built in the 1940s to perpetuate the memory of the Saint Patron of Lagos

arco sao goncalo
Arch São Gonçalo

Oratory built in the 1940s to perpetuate the memory of the Saint Patron of Lagos who was born in 1360, according to tradition, in a house located near Portas do Mar, in the place where his niche and image is today.

As a young man he goes to study in Lisbon, where he decides to enter the Order of the Hermits of S. Agostinho. He studied theology and devoted himself to catechesis and preaching, always interested in the well-being of the people and supporting the poor. There he gained fame as a saint, for the good and the miracles he did, both in life and after he died. São Gonçalo de Lagos died in Torres Vedras, on October 15, 1422. In 1778 Pope Pius VI authorized the cult of the “Blessed” or Blessed, to Friar Gonçalo de Lagos, with honors from Saint in Portugal.

On October 27, Lagos celebrates its municipal holiday, in honor of its illustrious son and patron.

Credits: Câmara Municipal de Lagos

Ponta da Piedade Lighthouse

Ponta da Piedade Lighthouse
This coastal lighthouse came into operation on July 1, 1913…

Ponta da Piedade Lighthouse

This coastal lighthouse came into operation on July 1, 1913, consisting of a square section tower, made of masonry, with masonry wedges, with east and west sides attached to a single floor, which constituted the lighthouse keepers’ dwellings.

Inside, in the center, it has a metallic spiral staircase to access the lantern. The tower was 9 meters high and the lighting device was of the 4th order, rotating, showing groups of five white flashes every ten seconds. Initially, he had an oil lamp for a light source. In May 1952 it would be electrified, having a luminous range of 15 miles, later increased to 18 miles. In 1956, a new electric incandescent appliance with automatic passage of acetylene gas was purchased.

Currently, it works exclusively on electricity, being automated. With the characteristic light of simple white lightning and a period of 7 seconds, it has a luminous range of 20 miles.

This is one of the crossing points on our Kayak Tour.

Kayak Ponta da Piedade
Lagos Adventure – Kayak Ponta da Piedade – Lagos – Portugal

Credits: Câmara Municipal de Lagos

Governors’ Castle

Governors’ Castle
Castelo dos Governadores, also known as Castelo de Lagos and probably…

Kayak Ponta da Piedade
Lagos Adventure – Kayak Ponta da Piedade – Lagos – Portugal

Castelo dos Governadores, also known as Castelo de Lagos and probably Paço do Infante D. Henrique, is a property built in the second half of the 15th century, which local authors refer to as having Arab origins.

The Castle is part of the so-called Medieval City Fence, whose construction began in the 14th century and lasted until the end of the following century.

As part of the construction of the second fence in Lagos, the Renaissance Fence, started in the mid-16th century, a bastion was added to it, as documented in the anonymous plan of 1554-1555, attributed to Miguel de Arruda, which constitutes the oldest drawn document of the fortifications of the City and project of this second fence.

After 1581, the Castle was transformed into the residence of the Governors of the Algarve, and works were carried out to adapt this space.

In 1850 the land and remains of the built complex, partially ruined by the 1755 earthquake, were transferred to the Misericórdia de Lagos, which, from 1885, adapted it to Hospital.

In 1960, within the scope of the works carried out for the Commemorations of the V Centenary of the Death of Infante D. Henrique, Avenida dos Descobrimentos was built and the Bairro da Ribeira was demolished, and part of the Castle was also demolished, giving it the image it currently has.

Credits: Câmara Municipal de Lagos

Old Pier

Old Pier
Between the Castelo dos Governadores and the old Casa da Dízima there…

Between the Castelo dos Governadores and the old Casa da Dízima there were two doors that, articulated with the 16th-century wall and functioning as an antechamber of the city, allowed the circulation between walls and access to Cais da Ribeira.

The area where different wharves may have existed at different times, and which was buried in the 40s of the 20th century for the construction of Avenida da Guiné, is now visible and integrated into the requalification of the Ribeirinha front, under the POLIS program.

Credits: Câmara Municipal de Lagos

Explorer The Marina de Lagos

Explorer The Marina de Lagos
In this article, you can explore a little of the Lagos Marina with 360 Tour…

How cool is this ??

Explorer The Marina de Lagos with 360 Tour

In this article, you can explore a little of the Lagos Marina with 360 Tour, from the perspective of the position of the support boat of the Kayaking Activities.


The Catamaran SEA YOU is a boat with 10 meters and with 300HP (2 Honda engines) Out of Bord.


Browse for a while and have fun. 🙂


Explore here:


Explorer the Marina de Lagos with 360 Tour
You can see the Catamaran with all the Kayaks on board on Pontoon b in Marina de Lagos.
This is the support boat to Kayak on Ponta da Piedade in Lagos, Portugal

Enjoy!

Manifestis Probatum – congratulations Portugal – 841 years old

Manifestis Probatum – congratulations Portugal – 842 years old

Manifestis Probatum is a papal bull dated 23 May 1179, in which Pope Alexander III officially recognized the ruler and self-proclaimed king Afonso Henriques as the first sovereign King of Portugal.

The Papacy did not at first recognize the legitimacy of Afonso’s adoption of the royal title in 1139, instead continuing to regard him as a vassal of the kingdom of León. The switch in papal policy in 1179 was justified by Afonso’s reconquest of lands to the south of the Iberian Peninsula to which no other Christian monarch had claimed.

Alexander, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, to the most beloved son in Christ, Afonso, Illustrious King of the Portuguese, and to his heirs, in perpetuity:

It is clearly demonstrated that, as a good son and catholic prince, you have rendered innumerable services to your mother, the Holy Church, intrepidly exterminating through hardships and military prowess the enemies of the Christian name and diligently propagating the Christian faith, thereby leaving to generations still unborn a name worthy of memory and an example deserving of imitation. The Apostolic See must love with sincere affection and strive to efficiently attend, in their just petitions, those chosen by the divine Providence for the government and salvation of the people.

We, therefore, because of your qualities of prudence, justice and idoneity for government, take you under the protection of Saint Peter and our own, and grant and confirm by apostolic authority to your excellent domain, the Kingdom of Portugal, full honors of the kingdom and the dignity that befits kings, as well as all places which, with the help of the Celestial Grace, you have wrested from the hands of the Saracens, and to which your neighboring Christian princes may not claim any rights.

And so that your devotion and service to Saint Peter, Prince of the Apostles, and to the Holy Roman Church is further aroused, We decide to extend this same concession to your heirs and, with the help of God, We promise to defend it for them, as far as our apostolic magistrature is concerned. Do continue, therefore, to show yourself a beloved son, humble and devoted to the honour and service of your mother, the Holy Roman Church, and to defend Her interests by spreading the Christian faith in such a way that this Apostolic See may take joy in having such a devoted and glorious son whose affection cannot be in doubt.

As tangible representation that said kingdom belongs to Saint Peter, you have determined as a testimony of great reverence to surrender annually two marks of gold to Us and Our successors. You and your successors will endeavor, therefore, to consign to the Archbishop of Braga pro tempore this census that belongs to Us and Our successors.

We determine accordingly that it is unlawful for any man to brazenly cause any trouble to you or your heirs or your kingdom, or to seize anything that belongs to it or, in the case it has been seized, to keep it, debase it, or cause any torment to it.

If anyone, in future, whether ecclesiastic or secular person, willingly challenges that which has been determined under this Constitution without presenting suitable satisfaction after a second or a third admonition, may they be stripped of the dignity of their honor and power, forelearn that they will be held accountable for their iniquity before the Divine Judgement, and be excluded from the Communion of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, our divine Lord and Redeemer. May the peace of Our Lord Jesus Christ be with all those who respect the rights of this kingdom and their king, so that they may gather the fruit of good works in this world and the reward of eternal peace before the Severe Judge. Amen. Amen.

Kayak Portugal
Kayak Portugal

References:
Javier Gallego Gallego and Eloísa Ramírez Vaquero, “Rey de Navarra, rey de Portugal, títulos en cuestión (siglo XII) Príncipe de Viana 48, 180 (1987): 115–20. The kingdom of Navarre presented a similar case at the same time. The Papacy initially refused to recognize the election of García Ramírez as king in 1134, because the kingdom had been willed by the late King Alfonso the Battler to the military orders. The Papacy continued to recognize the kings of Navarre as mere “leaders of Navarre” (duces Navarrae) until 1196. In a bull sent to “Duke” Sancho VII on 29 March, he was urged to break his alliance with the Almohads; on 28 May, a letter to Cardinal Gregory of Sant’Angelo referred to Sancho with the royal title. This was confirmed in a bull addressed to Sancho as king on 20 February 1197, confirming that he could expand his lands by conquest in the south, even though his kingdom did not border Almohad territory.

What to do in Lagos

These are some reasons to visit Lagos, a city with a rich historical wealth that has managed to maintain its authenticity and where you can find natural wonders that are among the most beautiful in the world.

 As in other places in southern Portugal, people settled here for over 2000 years when they left many of their influences. The most important peoples occupying the region were the Carthaginians, Romans and Muslims until finally, in the 13th century, the territory came under Portuguese rule.

Due to its privileged geographical and economic importance, the city of Lagos enjoyed a great evolution, which led it to assume the role of Capital of the Algarve for about 200 years.

 Lagos played a key role in the Age of Discovery, hence the departure of many vessels in search of new worlds with relief navigators such as Gil Eanes.