Manifestis Probatum – congratulations Portugal – 841 years old

Manifestis Probatum is a papal bull dated 23 May 1179, in which Pope Alexander III officially recognized the ruler and self-proclaimed king Afonso Henriques as the first sovereign King of Portugal.

The Papacy did not at first recognize the legitimacy of Afonso’s adoption of the royal title in 1139, instead continuing to regard him as a vassal of the kingdom of León. The switch in papal policy in 1179 was justified by Afonso’s reconquest of lands to the south of the Iberian Peninsula to which no other Christian monarch had claimed.

Alexander, Bishop, Servant of the servants of God, to the most beloved son in Christ, Afonso, Illustrious King of the Portuguese, and to his heirs, in perpetuity:

It is clearly demonstrated that, as a good son and catholic prince, you have rendered innumerable services to your mother, the Holy Church, intrepidly exterminating through hardships and military prowess the enemies of the Christian name and diligently propagating the Christian faith, thereby leaving to generations still unborn a name worthy of memory and an example deserving of imitation. The Apostolic See must love with sincere affection and strive to efficiently attend, in their just petitions, those chosen by the divine Providence for the government and salvation of the people.

We, therefore, because of your qualities of prudence, justice and idoneity for government, take you under the protection of Saint Peter and our own, and grant and confirm by apostolic authority to your excellent domain, the Kingdom of Portugal, full honors of the kingdom and the dignity that befits kings, as well as all places which, with the help of the Celestial Grace, you have wrested from the hands of the Saracens, and to which your neighboring Christian princes may not claim any rights.

And so that your devotion and service to Saint Peter, Prince of the Apostles, and to the Holy Roman Church is further aroused, We decide to extend this same concession to your heirs and, with the help of God, We promise to defend it for them, as far as our apostolic magistrature is concerned. Do continue, therefore, to show yourself a beloved son, humble and devoted to the honour and service of your mother, the Holy Roman Church, and to defend Her interests by spreading the Christian faith in such a way that this Apostolic See may take joy in having such a devoted and glorious son whose affection cannot be in doubt.

As tangible representation that said kingdom belongs to Saint Peter, you have determined as a testimony of great reverence to surrender annually two marks of gold to Us and Our successors. You and your successors will endeavor, therefore, to consign to the Archbishop of Braga pro tempore this census that belongs to Us and Our successors.

We determine accordingly that it is unlawful for any man to brazenly cause any trouble to you or your heirs or your kingdom, or to seize anything that belongs to it or, in the case it has been seized, to keep it, debase it, or cause any torment to it.

If anyone, in future, whether ecclesiastic or secular person, willingly challenges that which has been determined under this Constitution without presenting suitable satisfaction after a second or a third admonition, may they be stripped of the dignity of their honor and power, forelearn that they will be held accountable for their iniquity before the Divine Judgement, and be excluded from the Communion of the Most Holy Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, our divine Lord and Redeemer. May the peace of Our Lord Jesus Christ be with all those who respect the rights of this kingdom and their king, so that they may gather the fruit of good works in this world and the reward of eternal peace before the Severe Judge. Amen. Amen.

Kayak Portugal
Kayak Portugal

References:
Javier Gallego Gallego and Eloísa Ramírez Vaquero, “Rey de Navarra, rey de Portugal, títulos en cuestión (siglo XII) Príncipe de Viana 48, 180 (1987): 115–20. The kingdom of Navarre presented a similar case at the same time. The Papacy initially refused to recognize the election of García Ramírez as king in 1134, because the kingdom had been willed by the late King Alfonso the Battler to the military orders. The Papacy continued to recognize the kings of Navarre as mere “leaders of Navarre” (duces Navarrae) until 1196. In a bull sent to “Duke” Sancho VII on 29 March, he was urged to break his alliance with the Almohads; on 28 May, a letter to Cardinal Gregory of Sant’Angelo referred to Sancho with the royal title. This was confirmed in a bull addressed to Sancho as king on 20 February 1197, confirming that he could expand his lands by conquest in the south, even though his kingdom did not border Almohad territory.

You can Kayak in any type of Water

You can kayak in any type of water: Our wonderful world is full of diverse environments that can be explored from the seat of your kayak.

With portable equipment, that can be easily launched from any dock, riverside, or shore, your kayak can travel with you to some of the most beautiful destinations in the world.

River, lakes, oceans, and more. Your possibilities for exploring are endless.

WHY SHOULD YOU GO KAYAKING?

Once you try kayaking, we’re positive you’ll love it. Though many other watersports are fantastic ways to enjoy a day off the dock, we belive kayaking provides a number of advantages that make it unique to other activities:

Kayaking is great exercise: If you’re looking for an outdoor exercise, that provides a high energy workout with low impact on your joints and tissues, kayaking is worthy.

Health benefits of Kayaking: your kayaking are low impact activities that can improve your aerobic fitness, strength, and flexibility. Specific health benefits include:
1- Improved cardiovascular fitness.
2- Increased muscle strength, particularly in the back, arms, shoulders and chest, from moving the paddle.
3- Increased torso and leg strength, as the strength to power a kayak comes mainly from rotating the torso and applying pressure with your legs.
4- Reduced risk of wear-and-tear on joints and tissues, since paddling is a low
impact activity.

KayaK – TIPS AND TRICKS

Kayaking is a versatile water sport, is a great way to spend quality time with friends and family, while exploring nature from a new point of view.

The Lagos Adventure family, is full of water enthusiasts who have fallen in love with the adventure, that in the morning or afternoon of kayaking offers.

If you’re looking for a fun and exciting way to enjoy the open water, kayaking just may be the perfect way to visit the Ponta da Piedade coastline in Lagos.

To get started, we’ve pulled together the tips and tricks we believe beginning kayakers should know

Kayak in Ponta da Piedade – Lagos

My name is Humberto Costa and with Ricardo Ventura we are your host in this fantastic moments at Ponta da Piedade Coast in Lagos, Algarve, Portugal. I live in Lagos for 25 years , I borned in the other side of Algarve, near Spain and after my first holidays here, I fell in love with this paradise. The water it’s my favourite element. Dive, Sail, windsurf and Kayaking was my main activities. I was a federated kayaker and competed for many years. Before we started this project we worked in another company in this activity, myself for 3 years and Ricardo 5. The water it’s our element, our life! After our experience in other company we decide create our own project, a small company with our rules, where the guest are the priority.

What to do in Lagos

These are some reasons to visit Lagos, a city with a rich historical wealth that has managed to maintain its authenticity and where you can find natural wonders that are among the most beautiful in the world.

 As in other places in southern Portugal, people settled here for over 2000 years when they left many of their influences. The most important peoples occupying the region were the Carthaginians, Romans and Muslims until finally, in the 13th century, the territory came under Portuguese rule.

Due to its privileged geographical and economic importance, the city of Lagos enjoyed a great evolution, which led it to assume the role of Capital of the Algarve for about 200 years.

 Lagos played a key role in the Age of Discovery, hence the departure of many vessels in search of new worlds with relief navigators such as Gil Eanes.